An Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) is a five-character alpha-numeric designation that classifies dual-use items for export control purposes. It is an integral part of the Commerce Control List (CCL), which is maintained under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by the Department of Commerce and organized into ten categories, each further divided into five product groups.
The first character of ECCN denotes the broader category, while the second character indicates the product group. Therefore, it is vital to cross-check and align it with the appropriate categories and product groups within the CCL in order to accurately determine the ECCN. The correct identification of ECCN is crucial in determining whether an export license is required.
This classification system primarily focuses on dual-use items, which are goods and technologies that have both commercial and military applications. It’s crucial to note that ECCNs differ from Schedule B numbers, which the Bureau of Census uses for trade statistics, and Harmonized Tariff System Nomenclature (HS Code), which is utilized mainly to assess import duties.